AppMetrica tracking technology

App installs are tracked using attribution. AppMetrica uses several attribution methods. They are applied in descending order of accuracy, progressively relaxing the strictness of criteria.

  1. Device Identifier Matching
  2. Install Referrer
  3. Device Fingerprint Matching

If Device Identifier Matching can't be used, AppMetrica tries to use Install Referrer. If an appropriate Install Referrer wasn't found or this method can't be used (on iOS), Device Fingerprint Matching is used.

Device Identifier Matching

Details:

  • Nearly 100% accurate attribution.
  • 10-day attribution interval (the time between the click and the first launch).
  • Not all advertising networks support it.

To use this method, the device ID must be transmitted from the advertising network side in most cases.

In some cases, advertising networks don't have access to the device ID. This is usually mobile apps ads. Clicks from this type of ad rarely have information about the device ID.

How it works

  1. Your app is promoted in an advertising network that can get the device ID. When a user clicks the ad, the advertising network inserts various parameters in the tracking URL according to a template. One of these parameters is the device ID.

    AppMetrica supports the following types of IDs:

    • google_aid (Google Advertising ID) and its hashed derivatives

    For more information about parameters, see the Tracking URL parameters section.

    AppMetrica stores these IDs bound to the click. After clicking, the user goes to the app store to install.

  2. When the app has been installed and launched, the AppMetrica SDK collects information about the device, including the device ID, and sends the data to the AppMetrica server.
  3. AppMetrica matches the device IDs from the click and the initial app launch.
  4. Information about the install is sent to the advertising network via postback. For more information, see Parameters of the postback URL.

Install Referrer

Details:

  • Nearly 100% accurate attribution.
  • 10-day attribution interval (the time between the click and the first launch).
  • Only used for Play Market and Yandex.Store.
  • Doesn't require transmitting the device ID from the advertising network.
  • Requires app install source tracking. We recommend using the SDK to set up tracking in advance.

How it works

  1. A user clicks an ad for the app. While passing through the redirect service to the targeted link (the one that goes to the app store), a special &referrer= parameter with a unique click ID (ym_tracking_id) is appended to the link. After the click, the user is redirected to the app store to install.
  2. When the app has been installed and launched, the AppMetrica SDK can get INSTALL_REFERRER containing the value of the ym_tracking_id parameter from the app store.
  3. AppMetrica matches the value of the ym_tracking_id parameter for the click and the initial app launch.
  4. Information about the install is sent to the advertising network via postback. For more information, see Parameters of the postback URL.

Device Fingerprint Matching

Details:

  • AppMetrica's heuristic algorithm provides highly accurate attribution.
  • 24-hour attribution interval (the time between the click and the first launch).
  • Doesn't require transmitting the device ID from the advertising network.
  • Attribution is possible for any type of ad placement: in apps, or mobile internet.

This method uses unique AppMetrica technology with excellent attribution accuracy.

How it works

  1. A user clicks an ad for the app. The redirect service collects all the fingerprint information: the browser User-Agent, the device IP address, the time, and so on. After the click, the user is redirected to the app store to install.
  2. After the app is installed and launched, the AppMetrica SDK collects information about the device and sends it to the AppMetrica server.
  3. AppMetrica correlates parameters from the click and the initial launch of the app and links the installation to the click.
  4. Information about the install is sent to the advertising network via postback. For more information, see Parameters of the postback URL.