About the reference guide

Yandex SpeechKit is a multi-platform library for integrating speech functionality in your mobile apps with minimal effort. The ultimate goal of SpeechKit is to provide users with virtually the entire range of speech functionality available to Yandex.

In this release, Yandex SpeechKit offers server-side speech recognition functionality for short voice queries (Russian and Turkish are supported), server-side speech synthesis (only Russian is supported), and client-side voice activation (only Russian is supported). The list of supported languages, mobile platforms, and functionality will be expanded in future releases.

SpeechKit architecture

Multi-platform approach

The SpeechKit library supports several mobile platforms using the same implementation of the basic logic. The differences between platforms are in the platform abstraction layer (recording audio, networking, etc.), API wrappers, and platform-specific components such as GUI implementation. This approach simplifies development for multiple platforms and allows for ideal synchronization of functionality between them.

Mobile platforms differ in their culture and development practices. This affects such aspects as naming of classes and methods, object instantiation, error handling, and so on. These differences are inevitably reflected on the library interface on different platforms. We try to minimize these differences while also making sure that SpeechKit fits naturally into the ecosystem of each of the supported platforms.


SpeechKit contains components for each of the technologies provided, as well as a GUI for speech recognition and service components for initializing internal mechanisms.

The advanced API provides the following main classes:

  • Recognizer — A class for more detailed control of the speech recognition process.

  • Vocalizer — A class for speech synthesis.

  • PhraseSpotter — A class for using voice activation.

  • Initializer — A class for controlling the initialization process.

Regardless of which component you choose, you must first configure SpeechKit using:

  • SpeechKit — A class for configuring the library and managing its operation.


SpeechKit — A class for configuring and managing SpeechKit.

Before using any of the SpeechKit functionality, you must configure it using SpeechKit.configure.

By default, SpeechKit uses geolocation to get the current user coordinates. This can help improve speech recognition quality in some cases, such as when using the Recognizer.Model.maps language model. To disable it, pass the SpeechKit.configure method an empty pointer as the third argument (instead of an instance of LocationProvider).


Initialization is the internal process that SpeechKit uses for initializing internal mechanisms. Initialization may require executing lengthy read operations from permanent memory or network access, and generally takes a significant amount of time. This is why the Initializer class has been introduced for performing initialization when it is convenient for the user.

In the current implementation, Initializer sends a request to the server (the “startup request”) and gets a set of parameters and configurations in response (such as the audio format or parameters of the active voice detection algorithm), which are then used during speech recognition.

Note. Users do not have to perform initialization explicitly. If it has not yet been done, SpeechKit initializes itself automatically when the first request for speech recognition or synthesis is received. So Initializer is used mainly in order to speed up the execution of the first request.

Initializer uses the InitializerListener interface to notify you when it starts and finishes (with or without errors).

The Error class describes the errors that occurred during the recognition process.


This class is an Android Activity that is designed to simplify integration of speech recognition in apps. RecognizerActivity returns the string uttered by the user and resolves any problems that occur along the way. RecognizerActivity manages the entire recognition process, including the user interface for speech recognition, management of the Recognizer and Initializer objects, and so on.

RecognizerActivity starts up using the Android startActivity method that passes the corresponding Intent, and returns recognition results using the resulting Intent.


Recognizer is the central component of speech recognition in SpeechKit. Recognizer is intended for single sessions of speech recognition. It manages the entire recognition process, including recording audio, detecting speech activity, communicating with the server, and so on. Recognizer uses the RecognizerListener interface for notification of important events in the recognition process, returning recognition results, and notification of errors.

The recognition result is represented by the Recognition class, which is the N-best list of recognition hypotheses, sorted by confidence in descending order. A recognition hypothesis, in turn, is represented by the RecognitionHypothesis class.


Vocalizer is the main speech synthesis component in SpeechKit. Vocalizer is intended for single sessions of speech synthesis. It manages the entire text-to-speech process, including producing audio, communicating with the server, and so on.


PhraseSpotter allows continual analysis of an audio stream to detect specific phrases in it. It does not require an internet connection. All computations are performed on the device. To search for phrases in an audio stream, you need a model that contains the pronunciation of these phrases.

To start working with PhraseSpotter, you must specify the model and the object that will receive notifications. After this, you can stop and start phrase detection without re-initialization.